Black Fives: The Alpha Physical Culture Clubs Pioneering African American Basketball Team, 1904-1923 Claude Johnson

ISBN: 9780985090807

Published:

Paperback

122 pages


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Black Fives: The Alpha Physical Culture Clubs Pioneering African American Basketball Team, 1904-1923  by  Claude Johnson

Black Fives: The Alpha Physical Culture Clubs Pioneering African American Basketball Team, 1904-1923 by Claude Johnson
| Paperback | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, audiobook, mp3, RTF | 122 pages | ISBN: 9780985090807 | 5.40 Mb

Formed in 1904, the Alpha Physical Culture Club of Harlem was Americas first African American athletic club. Conrad Norman, its Jamaican-born founder, hoped to address rampant lung disease among blacks living in New York Citys overcrowded tenementsMoreFormed in 1904, the Alpha Physical Culture Club of Harlem was Americas first African American athletic club.

Conrad Norman, its Jamaican-born founder, hoped to address rampant lung disease among blacks living in New York Citys overcrowded tenements by providing proper exercise facilities they could use without bias. The clubs basketball team, the Alpha Big Five, became nationally famous during the 1910s while sticking faithfully to the strictest amateur ideals.

But the times were changing. The Alphas version of pure sport for its own sake was threatened by new black fives with visions of play-for-pay, led by team owners like fellow Caribbean immigrant Robert Douglas. Which ideal would prevail? The future of basketball was at stake. The author is the founder and C.E.O. of Black Fives, Inc. and BlackFives.com. The book includes a foreword by world renowned D.J., sneaker aficionado, publisher, voiceover artist, television personality, record label owner, writer, radio host, M.C., author, and film director Bobbito Garcia. There is also a Reader Discussion Guide included at the end of the book.



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