A Sense Of Place: Birminghams Black Middle Class Community, 1890 1930 Lynne B. Feldman

ISBN: 9780817309671

Published:

Hardcover

328 pages


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A Sense Of Place: Birminghams Black Middle Class Community, 1890 1930  by  Lynne B. Feldman

A Sense Of Place: Birminghams Black Middle Class Community, 1890 1930 by Lynne B. Feldman
| Hardcover | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, AUDIO, mp3, ZIP | 328 pages | ISBN: 9780817309671 | 8.50 Mb

In the early 20th century, city boosters in Birmingham, Alabama, annexed the town of Smithfield as part of a larger effort to enlarge the city and broaden its tax base. While the area attracted both whites and blacks seeking to escape the citysMoreIn the early 20th century, city boosters in Birmingham, Alabama, annexed the town of Smithfield as part of a larger effort to enlarge the city and broaden its tax base. While the area attracted both whites and blacks seeking to escape the citys cramped living conditions, African Americans, especially, found Smithfield enticing.

Here, separated from the city where Jim Crow laws restricted their day-to-day activities, middle-class blacks found they were able to assert considerable influence over their home environments.Lynne Feldman draws from a wealth of primary sources, including personal interviews, to demonstrate how such a community developed and thrived.

She finds that middle-class blacks, guided by a philosophy of self-improvement, racial solidarity, and economic independence, actively shaped the world around them, developing black businesses, private clubs, and institutions that promoted community pride and provided refuge from racial discrimination. Blacks developed a workable relationship with white benefactors to achieve some of these important civic improvements.The community certainly struggled with internal conflicts.

Feldmans study, for example, reveals how middle-class blacks separated themselves socially from lower-class blacks, while relying on them to patronize their businesses. In general, however, African Americans in this protective environment could assert their independence, nurture personal relationships, and develop strategies to implement progress.



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